Tillandsia usneoides L.
Former names: Dendropogon
usneoides (L.) Eaf.
Florida: Not listed as
this plant in Florida: None.
southeast U.S. (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas) to central
Argentina and Chile (Spanish moss has the broadest geographical range
of any bromeliad).
|Distribution in Florida: All counties in Florida.
Occurrence in Florida:
Habitat: Hammocks (usually on oaks), pinelands and scrub;
prefers moist, brightly exposed habitats; can withstand extreme
temperature fluctuation and low rainfall.
Epiphytic; rootless; abundantly branching; plants overlap on tree
branches; plants usually 15-20 cm (6-8 in.) long (up to 45 cm [18 in.]
long); leaves (3-5 cm [1-2 in.] long) not dilated at the base (1-2 mm
[1/16 in.] wide); live leaves covered with gray-green scales; leaves
greener when plant is in good health (gray leaves may indicate moisture
stress or other environmental factors); flowers (usually one per plant)
greenish-yellow and fragrant, lasting about 4 days; seed capsules 15-20
mm (1/2 -3/4 in.) long; seeds (2-23 per capsule) 2-3 mm (1/8 in.) long,
with comate hairs; reproduces by seed and vegetative growth.
flowering: Spring (mainly April).
Coile NC. 2000. Notes on Florida's Endangered and Threatened
Bureau of Entomology, Nematology and Plant Pathology, Botany Section.
Contribution No. 38, 3rd ed., Gainesville, FL.
Florida Natural Areas Inventory.
1997. Matrix of Habitats and Distribution by County of
Species of Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory/The Nature
Long RW, Lakela O. 1976. A Flora of Tropical Florida.
Banyan Books, Miami. 178 p.
HE, Benzing DH. 2009. Native Bromeliads of
Florida. Sarasota, FL. Pineapple Press,
DB (ed.). 1979. Plants, Vol. 5. In: Rare and Endangered Biota of
Florida, P.C.H. Pritchard (ed.). University Presses of Florida,
Gainesville, 175 p.